Enhancing Community-School-University Partnership for Rural Landscape Conservation, Taiwan

Kuang-Chung Lee
Publicado: 25 Febrero 2021
Última edición: 25 Febrero 2021
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Resumen

This was implemented between 2005 and 2007 as a multi-stakeholder partnership at the geo-site of Lichi “Badlands” Formation in Taitung County, Taiwan and it was later reviewed in 2016. Despite being a national-level designated area of high scientific interest, two of the local communities living in the site were suffering from a lack of economic opportunities, depopulation, and the deterioration of their production landscape. The solution was found through a dialogue facilitated by National Dong Hwa University which involved local communities and local schools on a series of community-led projects. Between November 2005 and December 2007, nine training courses and 43 platform meetings took place to stimulate ecotourism, geo-tourism and place-based education. The review conducted in 2016 found a positive value shift in the locals’ perception of the “Badlands” and the improvement of local livelihoods which were largely attributed to the school-community-university partnership platform.

Classifications

Región
Asia del Este
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Campos de cultivo
Huerto
Pasto
Tema
Actores locales
Agricultura
Comunicación y divulgación
Conocimientos tradicionales
Cultura
Geodiversidad y geoconservación
Gestión de tierras
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Medios de vida sostenibles
Planificación de la gestión de áreas protegidas
Restauracion
Turismo
Challenges
Avalanchas/Derrumbes
Sequía
Sismo
Lluvia errática
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Ciclones tropicales / tifones
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Extracción de recursos físicos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 4 - Educación de calidad
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 9: Especies exóticas invasoras prevenidas y controladas
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 16: Acceso y distribución de los beneficios de los recursos genéticos
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes

Ubicación

Lichi badlands in Taitung County, Taiwan

Impactos positivos

The solution shows a school-community-university partnership, based on a platform discussion involving local people and teachers, developed a common perspective towards the relationship between the geo-conservation of the Lichi “Badlands” Formation and local people’s livelihoods.

It also shows that a successful geo-conservation depends on understanding and valuing the geological and geomorphological features and processes of the geo-site by including promotional and awareness raising activities. 

The local people and school teachers completed investigation of natural and cultural resources of the Lichi “Badlands” Formation and collaborated on place-based environmental education and interpretation materials. Local livelihoods also improved as a result of several pilot programs on geo-tourism – with a specific focus on knowledge sharing to ensure tourists’ appreciation not only of aesthetic but also of geological values of the Lichi “Badlands” Formation.

Over time, there was a value change in appreciation of the Lichi “Badlands” Formation by the locals. They were now aware of the importance of its geo-conservation for the socio-economic revitalization of the area.

Contribuido por

Kuang-Chung Lee National Dong Hwa University