Building capacity for resilient and inclusive conservation of cultural landscapes

Jan Kuiper
Publié: 14 avril 2021
Dernière modification: 14 avril 2021
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Résumé

In mixed landscapes defined by coexisting land uses, landscape quality is an outcome of a confluence of actions by local actors with diverse, ever-changing and potentially conflicting needs, interests and desires. We present an approach to building capacity among local actors to develop collective strategies for navigating the system towards a broad collectively defined vision. The presented approach is adapted from a participatory resilience assessment and includes a series of workshops and meetings. The process starts with a baseline inventory to surface people’s values, knowledges, problems, and preferences, along with the identification of alternative management strategies and their actions. This inventory feeds into a deliberation on how multiple parallel strategies may coexist, complement or replace each other and can be coordinated to maintain overall landscape quality. We piloted the approach in Västra Hargs Lövskogar nature reserve in Sweden.

Classifications

Région
Europe du Nord
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Forêt de feuillus tempéré
Piscine, lac, étang
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Agriculture
Connectivité / conservation transfrontières
Culture
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Moyens d'existence durables
Planification spatiale terrestre
Restauration
Santé et bien-être humain
Science et recherche
Services écosystèmiques
Tourisme
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Défis
Sécheresse
Inondations
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Incendies
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Perte de l'écosystème
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Engagement direct avec des associations

Emplacement

Västra Hargs Kyrka, 595 91 Mjölby, Sweden
Afficher sur Planète protégée

Défis

Västra Hargs Lövskogar nature reserve and its surrounding mosaic landscape are defined by more or less conspicuous edges and boundaries that simultaneously separate and connect different parts of the landscape. This diversity is a source both of great richness and of tensions and conflict between coexisting interests and values. The inherently shared governance of the landscape faces a number of challenges: the oak woodlands are slowly degrading while the old pastures face afforestation and climate change is increasing risks of droughts and wildfires. Moreover, nuisance species such as the spruce bark beetle and wild boars give rise to conflicts over land management, while economic interests in forestry and agriculture diverge from recreational interests and long-term biodiversity conservation targets. These interacting challenges call for an inclusive approach to landscape governance that strengthens the collective capacity to deal with conflicts, uncertainties and future needs.

Bénéficiaires

The reserve is situated in the middle of a transition gradient from intensive agriculture to dense forests. Beneficiaries are land owners and small scale business (agriculture and forestry), residents, visitors etc. 

 

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The building blocks together shape the process for building collective capacity for the management of cultural landscapes over time. 

Les impacts positifs

Dozens of local actors and stakeholders have been actively engaging in our process and through that gained a better understanding of contemporary and future challenges, and how they all are part of the solution. Inspired by this engagement, a new management council for the protected area was erected where different actors can meet regularly to coordinate and plan ahead. 

Histoire

Jan Kuiper

Thomas Johansson, manager at the nature reserve Västra Hargs Lövskogar, had long had the idea of starting a local management council in Västra Harg. Land owners, local organizations and farmers are all involved in the use and management of the area and need to coordinate their activities. In October 2020, an ENVISION workshop gathered local and regional actors to discuss how to maintain and develop the values of the mosaic landscape embedding the Västra Harg village and protected area. During the workshop, the collaborative spirit of the local community was apparent and it served to gather additional momentum. In March 2021, Thomas and his colleagues organized a first meeting where it was decided to form a new management council for the protected area where the different actors can meet regularly to coordinate and plan ahead. (The Envision team of researchers hope to be able to continue to follow this exciting new development.)

Contribué par

Jan Kuiper Stockholm Resilience Centre

Soumise par

Erik Andersson
Stockholm Resilience Centre
My Sellberg
Stockholm Resilience Centre
Andra Milcu
University of Helsinki
Sara Zaman
University of Helsinki
Anneli Lundgren
The County Administrative Board of Östergötland
Sofie Hellman
The County Administrative Board of Östergötland
Nicklas Jansson
The County Administrative Board of Östergötland
Thomas Johansson
The County Administrative Board of Östergötland