Ensuring fish and the lives of those who depend on them

(PMMP)
Published: 14 November 2015
Last edited: 16 February 2020
remove_red_eye 2792 Views

Summary

Pilar Municipal Marine Park (PMMP) is on Ponson Island, Philippines between Lower Poblacion and Villahermosa villages. Located in what is considered a priority conservation area for reef fishes, the region was previously threatened by compressor fishing and illegal intrusion of commercial fishing boats. To address these threats, PMMP established an innovative multi-stakeholder management scheme with a no-take zone, driving people and nature impacts.

Classifications

Region
Southeast Asia
Scale of implementation
Local
Ecosystem
Coral reef
Mangrove
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Theme
Fisheries and aquaculture
Food security
Health and human wellbeing
Indigenous people
Outreach & communications
Species management
Challenges
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty

Location

Pilar Municipal Marine Park (PMMP) Ponson Island, Philippines
Show on Protected Planet

Challenges

illegal and unsustainable fishing

Beneficiaries

fishers and their families and the community.

How do the building blocks interact?

These key components combine as a part of the sites Theory of Change, using methodology from Rare (www.rare.org). This Theory of Change (Figure 1) is rooted in the social science of behavior change and in proven strategies to influence social norms to achieve significant and long-lasting conservation results. This methodology requires that Pride campaigns: Involve key stakeholders (i.e., fishers and local communities) in the creation and proliferation of the solution. They must be leaders in design and implementation of their local system, as well as communicating and marketing their success to neighbors and policy-makers. Engage both the emotions and intellect (i.e., “hearts and minds”) of constituents, e.g. the use of campaigns focused on community pride and the aligned incentives of rights-based management. Facilitate a compelling benefits exchange (i.e., offering an economic, political and/or social benefit in return for adopting a new set of conservation behaviors). In other words, fishers and communities need to see a compelling reason to steward the resource for the long-term.

Impacts

Species conservation: Significant increase in the number of fish per 500m2 within the sanctuary’s no-take zone: 372 in May 2005 to 640 in May 2009. Fish biomass within the zone also grew from 1.33 ton3/km2 in 2005 to almost four times as much in 2009. The zone also protects the surrounding mangroves, which provide habitat to fruit bats, reptiles and migratory birds. Livelihoods: Previously, fish catch averaged 2.6 kgs/fisher/day and 18% of school-aged children were malnourished. Six years later, fish catch has increased to 5.5 kgs/fisher/day and the number of malnourished school-aged children decreased to 10%.

Contributed by

Jovenal Edquilag Rare

Other contributors